Coat of Arms
following transcript is credited to "Burkes Peerage" March 2003.
evolved in 12th-century Western Europe, probably in response to the growing
difficulty of recognising men in armour as armour became heavier and more
enveloping. At Hastings, when a rumour spread among the Normans that WILLIAM
I (THE CONQUEROR) had been killed, he had only to tilt his helmet back as
he rode among them for all to see that he was alive. Two hundred years later
such a feat would have required considerable exertion and the help of a
squire. Men in armour could by now only distinguish one another by devices
on their shields or on the surcoats worn over their armour. Noblemen's devices
were used by their followers as badges on their own shields and coats, and
in the feudal army men were accustomed to muster under the banner of their
lord, which was marked with his coat of arms. Crests, which were also distinguishing
marks, came later. Heraldic devices became hereditary as first the son then
the more remote descendants of the original feudal lord retained the original
device so as to guide their followers in battle. The devices outlived the
use of armour, however, and by the 17th century were being widely used in
non-military ways. By now the granting and use of coats of arms in England
had come under the supervision of a body of heralds called the College of
Arms, which had been set up under royal authority in 1483. In Scotland the
Lyon Office, later Lord Lyon Office, supervised the use of arms. It is probable
that arms were not originally granted by anyone but were assumed by various
persons as and when they pleased. Thus from time to time two or more people
might be using the same device. In the Scrope-Grosvenor case in the late
14th century, when Lord Scrope challenged the right of Sir Robert Grosvenor
to use the same coat of arms that he did himself, the duplication was accidental.
Indeed there was a third person mentioned as using those arms, a Cornish
knight called Carminow. This celebrated case was only finally settled by
the King, RICHARD II, who found for Scrope. By now the Crown was assuming
jurisdiction over the use of arms. A century later this had become firmly
established, and since then it has been heraldic law that arms can only
be borne in accordance with the rules drawn up by the heralds under royal
authority; Unfortunately, the forum for prosecuting illicit assumptions
of arms in England, the Court of Chivalry, is obsolescent, despite a brief
revival in the early 1950s. In Scotland the Court of the Lord Lyon has more
teeth and still enforces laws against the irregular or illicit assumption
There is no such thing as a "Family Crest" or "Family Coat
of Arms" The more correct name is an achievement of Arms, an Armorial
bearing, or Coat of Arms. The Crest refers to the appendage or subsidiary
part, mounted on the helm (the Plume of Feathers in the Armorial bearing/Coat
of Arms below is the crest).
Ancient Cornish name of Bawden appears in the annals of Cornish history
as far back as the 1100's. We have chosen this Coat of Arms as an example
of the stages required to produce a finely detailed bullion (fine silks,
gold & silver wire) item.
1. Based upon the client's information, we proceed with the research in
order to find the appropriate armorial bearing.
finished, full colour artwork is then presented and approved by the client
before we proceed to the next stage.
the approved artwork is given to our embroiderer for completion. Time frame
approximately 4 to 6 weeks.